Port storage is a fundamental area for the proper functioning of the logistics chain and is used to temporarily store goods imported or exported by sea. Its importance lies in the fact that it is a key point for cargo management and allows companies to control their products at all times.
What is port storage?
Port storage involves the management of processes and facilities within the port with the main objective of providing storage for goods arriving by sea. This intermediate step is essential for initial cargo handling and to ensure goods are kept in good condition until transported to their final destination.
Receipt of goods
This process is the first phase, which identifies the cargo after arrival, verifies it complies with the established requirements and registers its entry. In short, the aim is to ensure that the goods arrive in good condition and are in the right location for subsequent transport.
This ensures the security of the goods while they are in the warehouse. It includes protection against theft or damage, as well as monitoring and control of incoming and outgoing goods.
The facilities are cleaned, repaired and maintained to ensure they are in good condition and can fulfil their storage function. If not, stored goods can be damaged and the company would have to bear the cost.
This consists of keeping a detailed record of the goods in the warehouse. It includes information on the quantity, type and condition of the goods and their date of entry and exit. Inventory information is essential to ensure efficient management and prevent errors and losses.
This focuses on moving goods from the port to their final destination. It may include loading and unloading containers, preparing the necessary transport documents and coordinating with inland transport providers. It is important to ensure efficient and safe transportation of goods to minimise costs and achieve customer satisfaction.
Comparison with ordinary warehouses
Port warehousing differs from its general version in several respects. Firstly, port warehouses are specifically designed to store imported and exported goods, whereas ordinary warehouses can store a wide range of goods.
In addition, port warehouses generally have a larger capacity. Port equipment and warehousing is therefore designed to handle large quantities of goods.
Port warehouses are often located in seaports, and so are convenient connections for shipping services. In contrast, common warehouses are located anywhere and may require additional transport to connect to port services.
The business is regulated by port authorities and governed by international and local regulations to guarantee the safety and integrity of the goods. Meanwhile, common warehouses may be regulated by different authorities and may not have the same security or safety standards.
In short, port storage is a more convenient and secure option for imported and exported goods, as it is specifically designed for this purpose and regulated by the authorities.
Types of port storage
There are two main types of port warehousing: logistics chain-based and location-based warehousing.
Logistics chain-based warehousing
This type of port warehousing is for goods stored according to their position in the supply chain. Factors such as frequency of use, inventory turnover and duration, efficiency and chain security are considered.
It requires careful planning and efficient management, which reduce costs, improve efficiency and ensure the availability of goods at the right time.
It also favours the integration of different logistical processes, such as reception, custody, maintenance and transport of goods, resulting in more efficient management and greater customer satisfaction.
Location is a critical factor in this type of operation, with reduced delivery times providing a strategic advantage over the competition. In addition, location-based warehouses are located close to production areas or consumption points, leading to less costly management.
This type of storage is ideal for companies with local or regional distribution requirements and requires quick access to their products. It is also a popular choice for initiatives operating in industries with fast-moving products, such as food and pharmaceuticals.
In conclusion, port warehousing is a key component in the logistics chain so companies can store their goods safely and efficiently. Its strategic location at seaports provides more efficient supply chain management, a reduction in associated transport costs and greater cargo handling flexibility. For these reasons, companies should consider the options available to them carefully to maximise the effectiveness of their logistics operations.
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