Hauling service is the transfer of goods from the producer to the consumer that requires different means of transport. It is also called multimodal transport. It can therefore be a national or international hauling service. This type of service facilitates a global supply chain concept. Companies gain in efficiency by being able to take advantage of different means of transport to reduce costs.
Types of transportation and hauling
There are different types of transportation and hauling, although there are six most frequently used:
Dock hauling. This involves the use of a truck at the port. It picks up a cargo at the point of production or at the rail depot and delivers it to the dock so that it can be loaded onto a ship.
Internal haulage or IMX. Trucks facilitating the hauling service move the cargo within the established intermodal layout.
Intercarrier hauling. Cargo is transferred from one carrier to another, also by trucks. It can be from rail to ocean or vice versa, and it can also be from a local carrier to a carrier providing long-haul trucking services.
Transshipment haulage. Occurs when a shipping center has more containers than it is capable of handling. This type of service moves containers to alternate locations on a temporary basis.
Express haulage. Occurs when cargo must be delivered urgently and quickly.
Door-to-door transportation. It is used when the cargo is transported from the shipping center to the final customer directly.
Differences between transport and freight
Once we have clarified what hauling is, it is important to know the differences between transport and freight. This way, you can choose the one that is most advantageous at any given time depending on the type of cargo.
Transportation refers to the company that carries out the transfer of the goods. In other words, it is the company that has the vehicle with which the goods will be moved and is also in charge of certain actions related to it. For example, the loading and unloading of the product at the initial and final points.
It has some advantages. The desired services are contracted directly and not only the transport truck. Thus, in addition to loading and unloading, you can ask them to take care of the processing of the necessary permits and documents.
On the other hand, when we talk about freight, we are not referring to the company, but to the means of transport that will be used to move the cargo to the destination point, which will share its space with other cargoes.
The great advantage of freight is that it is cheaper than transport. There are different types, and their price is different.
In short, transport offers greater security, since, generally, a good reputation and greater customer satisfaction are sought. It also manifests greater professionalism, and its workers act as consultants who help to find the best solution in each case.
FTL and LTL freight
Depending on the size of a shipment, it can be LTL or FTL. LTL, which stands for Less than Truckload, is a shipment whose cargo is not large enough to fill an entire truck. Thus, it is common for this type of cargo to share a truckload with others of similar dimensions. In general, the calculation for these shipments’ ranges from one to six pallets.
On the other hand, FTL cargo, from Full Truckload, implies that it is a cargo that fills a truck. Thus, a customer’s load will be the only load on the truck. It is also possible to book the full truckload even if it is not full.
Deciding on one type or the other depends on the circumstances. For shipments of more than 12 pallets at a time or for fragile goods, it is better to opt for a full load. It is also the most appropriate method if the delivery is fixed, and the delivery date has already been set.
But in order to save money and if you are not shipping enough goods to fill a truck, LTL is more advantageous.
Types of ocean freight
Freight rates are indispensable and characteristic of international transport and are standardized. Therefore, it is important to know the most common ones:
Liner term. Includes the costs of each of the stages of maritime transport, i.e., loading, stowage, transport, unstowage and unloading.
Free In. The supplier is responsible for loading and stowage and the buyer for transport, unstowage and discharge.
Free Out. The supplier pays for loading, stowage and transportation and the buyer pays for unstowage and unloading.
Free In Out Stowed. Only the cost of transportation is paid. The rest of the costs are divided between buyer and seller, according to the agreements of the deal.
Free In Line Out. Does not include loading costs.
Line In Free Out. Excludes unloading costs.
Suisca Group, logistics and warehousing in port
Complex international supply networks are essential to ship products to any country. However, local, or short-haul transportation is in short supply. Although there is nothing to prevent contracting directly with independent carriers, the most advantageous is always to work with logistics companies with experience in multimodal transport.
AtSuisca Group, we are at the service of those people who have searched on Google “hauling near me“. Our 40 years of experience allow us to provide you with an organized, efficient, and economical distribution network. We also provide warehousing space in the ports, including for goods in transit.
This way, you can significantly reduce expenses in terms of personnel, time, and money, and gain in efficiency and reliability in the delivery and reception of goods.
We are specialists when it comes to the haulage service, allowing you to speed up, simplify, save time and money, and provide a better service to your customers. Wherever you need it, call us!
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